Fruit Quality of Satsuma Mandarin Grown on the Northern Coast of the Gulf of Mexico

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  • 1 Department of Horticulture, 101 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, AL 36849
  • 2 Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Gulf Coast Research and Extension Center, 8300 State Highway 104, Fairhope, AL 36532

This study was conducted to determine fruit quality of Satsuma mandarin Citrus unshiu, Marc. `Owari' grown on the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Soluble solids increased linearly and titratable acidity decreased quadratically during October and November for the four sampling years. There was no significant interaction between sampling date and year. There was a significant year effect for titratable acidity, but not soluble solids or their ratio. A 10:1 soluble solids to titratable acidity ratio was observed on 10 Nov. Variation in fruit weight corresponded with cropload. Fruit weight increased during the sampling period due to an increase in fruit length since there was no change in width. Peel color was yellow-orange by 10 Nov., with many fruit still exhibiting patches of green color. Because of some green color present in the peel, the fruit would have to be degreened for successful marketing in U.S. retail chain stores.

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Contributor Notes

Associate professor. Corresponding author; e-mail rcebel@acesag.auburn.edu.
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