A procedure for producing transgenic bottle gourd plants by inoculating cotyledon explants with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain AGL1 carrying a binary vector pCAMBIA3301, which contains glufosinate ammonium-resistant (bar) and the reporter (gus) genes, is describe. Infection was the most effective (highest infection frequency and index) when explants were co-cultivated with Agrobacterium for 6-8 days on co-cultivation medium supplemented with 0.001-0.1 mg/L L-a-(2-aminoethoxyvinyl) glycine (AVG). Transgenic plants were obtained with frequencies of about 0.2% when the explants were cultured on selection medium (MS medium supplemented with 3.0 mg/L BAP, 0.5 mg/L AgNO3, 500 mg/L cefotaxime, 2.0 mg/L DL-phosphinothricin, 0.3% sucrose and 0.8% Plant Agar. A histochemical gus assay, PCR and Southern blot analyses confirmed that transformation had occurred. Genetic analysis of T1 progenies showed that the transgenes were inherited in a Mendelian fashion. To our knowlege, this study represents the first report for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in bottle gourd, rootstock for watermelon and other cucurbit crops in many countries.