Effect of Soil Solarization on Wilt by Fusarium in Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) in Western Mexico

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  • 1 INIFAP, Campo Experimental Tecomán, Tecomán, Colima, 28100, México
  • 2 Universidad de Colima, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Tecomán, Colima, 28100, México
  • 3 Universidad de Colima, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Tecomán, Colima, 28100, México
  • 4 Universidad de Colima, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Tecomán, Colima, 28100, México
  • 5 Universidad de Colima, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Tecomán, Colima, 28100, México

In Central Pacific region, Mexico, are cultivated around 17,000 ha of cucurbitaceous. This crops are affected by wilt, this disease is caused by Fusarium oxysporum (F.o.) Schlechtend. Some farmers are using resistant varieties to this disease, but resistance is different to each cultivar. Soil fumigation is other way to control this pathogen. Soil solarization is a new alternative for Fusarium oxysporum control. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of soil solarization on Fusarium oxysporum for wilt control in muskmelon crop in Colima State. The experiment was carried out under field conditions, using Cantaloupe melon (Cucumis melo L.) Cv. Ovation, in Ixtla-huacán municipality during November-December. Clear plastic was used (thickness 110). Evaluation of solarization periods were 0, 10, 20, and 30 days. Experimental design was full random blocks, with four replications. Evaluated variables were: soil temperature at 5-,10-, and 20-cm soil depth, propagule number of Fusarium oxysporum in soil, wilt incidence and yield. For determine Fusarium oxysporum survival, a strain isolated from infected plants was used. Fungi was introduced in cloth bags, containing 10 gr of sterile sand with 10 mL of a suspension of 19,000 conidia/mL. Later were introduced four cloth bags per treatment at 5-,10-, and 20-cm soil depth. When plants were harvested, was taken the sick plants percentage. Results shown that soil solarization periods had not an effect on the propagule number at the soil depth for the solarization periods. Also soil solarization had not and effect on plant yield. Is necessary to do the same experiment during different season, as June-July or September-October, to have a higher soil temperature and humidity.

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