Early Performance of `McIntosh' Apple Trees on Several Dwarf Rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 Rootstock Trial

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  • 1 Univ. of Massachusetts, Plant & Soil Sciences, Amherst, MA 01003-9294
  • | 2 Univ. of Guelph, Plant Agriculture, Simcoe, ON L0R 2E0, Canada
  • | 3 Pennsylvania State Univ., Horticulture, Univ. Park, PA 16802
  • | 4 Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Atlantic Food and Horticulture Research Centre, Kentville, NS B4N 1J5, Canada
  • | 5 Univ. of Vermont, Plant & Soil Science, Burlington, VT 05405
  • | 6 Univ. of Minnesota, Horticultural Science, St. Paul, MN 55108
  • | 7 Univ. of Wisconsin, Horticulture, Madison, WI 53706
  • | 8 Michigan State Univ., Horticulture, East Lansing, MI 48824
  • | 9 Cornell Univ., Horticultural Science, Geneva, NY 14456

`McIntosh' apple trees [Malus ×sylvestris (L.) Mill. Var domestica (Borkh.)] on 10 dwarfing rootstocks (CG.3041, CG.4013, CG.5179, CG.5202, G.16N, G.16T, M.9 NAKBT337, Supporter 1, Supporter 2, and Supporter 3) were planted at 10 locations (MA, MI MN NS 2 in NY ON PA VT and WI) under the direction of the NC-140 Multistate Research Project. After four growing seasons (through 2002), trees on CG.5202 and CG.4013 were significantly larger than those on all other rootstocks. Smallest trees were on M.9 NAKBT337. Trees on other rootstocks were intermediate. Rootstock did not influence cumulative root suckering. Yield per tree in 2002 was greatest from trees on CG.4013 and lowest from trees on M.9 NAKBT337; however, cumulatively, trees on M.9 NAKBT337 and CG.4013 yielded the most. Yield efficiency in 2002 was not affected by rootstock. Cumulatively, rootstock had very little effect, but trees on CG.5202 were the least efficient. In 2002, M.9 NAKBT337, CG.3041, and Supporter 2 resulted in the largest fruit, and CG.5179 resulted in the smallest. On average, M.9 NAKBT337 resulted in the largest fruit, and G.16T resulted in the smallest. Limited data will be presented on CG.5935 and M.26 EMLA, which are planted only at some locations. Data for the fifth season (2003) will be presented.

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