Early Performance of `Fuji' Apple Trees on Several Dwarf Rootstocks in the 1999 NC-140 Rootstock Trial

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  • 1 Univ. of Massachusetts, Plant & Soil Sciences, Amherst, MA 01003-9294
  • 2 Utah State Univ., Plants, Soils, & Biometrics, Logan, UT 84322-4820
  • 3 Washington State Univ., Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center, Wenatchee, WA 98801
  • 4 Pennsylvania State Univ., Horticulure, Univ. Park, PA 16802
  • 5 Ohio State Univ., Horticulture & Crop Science, Wooster, OH 44691
  • 6 Pennsylvania State Univ., Horticulture, Wiscasset, ME 04578
  • 7 Univ. of California, Kearney Agricultural Center, Parlier, CA 93648
  • 8 Univ. of Kentucky, Univ. of Kentucky Research & Education Center, Princeton, KY 42445
  • 9 North Carolina State Univ., Horticulture, Raleigh, NC 27695-7609
  • 10 Clemson Univ., Horticulture, Clemson, SC 29634-0375

`Fuji' apple trees [Malus ×sylvestris (L.) Mill. Var domestica (Borkh.)] on nine dwarfing rootstocks (CG.4013, CG.5179, G.16N, G.16T, M.9 NAKBT337, M.26 EMLA, Supporter 1, Supporter 2, and Supporter 3) were planted at 10 locations (CA, KY MO NC OH 2 in PA SC UT and WA) under the direction of the NC-140 Multistate Research Project. After four growing seasons (through 2002), largest trees were on CG.4013. Smallest trees were on M.9 NAKBT337, Supporter 1, Supporter 2, and Supporter 3. Trees on CG.5179, G.16 N, G.16T, and M.26 EMLA were intermediate. Cumulative root suckering was greatest from trees on CG.4013 and similar from the other rootstocks. CG.4013, CG.5179, and G.16T resulted in the greatest yields per tree in 2002, and M.26 EMLA, M.9 NAKBT337, Supporter 2, and Supporter 1 resulted in the lowest. Cumulatively, CG.4013 resulted in the greatest yields per tree, and M.26 EMLA resulted in the lowest. Rootstock did not affect yield efficiency in 2002, but cumulatively, Supporter 1, Supporter 2, and Supporter 3 resulted in the most efficient trees, and M.26 EMLA the least. Fruit weight in 2002 or on average was not affected by rootstock. Limited data will be presented on CG.3041, CG.5202, and CG.5935, which are planted only at some locations. Data for the fifth season (2003) will be presented.

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