Self-fertility and Time of Stigma Receptivity in Styrax japonicum

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  • 1 Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit, U.S. National Arboretum, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Tennessee State University Nursery Crop Research Station, 472 Cadillac Lane, McMinnville, TN 37110

The objectives of this study were to evaluate self-fertility and to determine the effectiveness of pollinations made over a 4-day period in Japanese snowbell, S. japonicum Sieb. & Zucc. Pollen germination and pollen tube growth were observed in stained styles following cross- and self-pollinations made from 1 day before to 2 days after anthesis. One month after pollination, fruit set averaged 40% in cross-pollinations and 14% in self-pollinations. Two months later, about one-third of the fruit resulting from cross-pollinations had aborted and only one fruit remained from the self-pollinations. This study demonstrated that stigmas of S. japonicum are receptive for at least 4 days and that flowers should be emasculated prior to making controlled cross-pollinations.

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