Bloom and Postbloom Applications of NAD/NAA Mixture Have Minimal Effects on Yield and Fruit Size of Field-grown Tomatoes and Peppers

in HortScience
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  • 1 University of Florida, Indian River Research and Education Center, 2199 South Rock Rd., Ft. Pierce, FL 34945-3138
  • 2 University of Florida, Indian River Research and Education Center, 2199 South Rock Rd., Ft. Pierce, FL 34945-3138
  • 3 Rutgers University, Agricultural Research and Extension Center, 121 Northville, Rd., Bridgeton, NJ 08302-5919
  • 4 Texas A&M University, Agricultural Experiment Station, 1619 Garner Field Rd., Uvalde, TX 78801a
  • 5 North Carolina State University, Dept. of Horticultural Science, Raleigh, NC 27695-7609
  • 6 University of Florida, Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, 2686 State Rd. 29 North, Immokalee, FL 34142-9515

A commercial mixture of 1-naphthaleneacetamide and 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (Amcotone) was applied to tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) and pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) at various timings from early bloom through early fruit development to evaluate effects on fruit size and both early and total marketable yield. Amcotone was applied at rates from 10 to 40 mg·L-1, at three sites for each of the species studied. Measured yield response variables in tomato did not differ between the control and Amcotone treatments, regardless of location. Amcotone treatments did not affect yields or fruit size for pepper at the New Jersey or Texas sites. However, at Ft. Pierce, Fla., early marketable yield of pepper was increased in plots receiving three Amcotone applications at 10 mg·L-1, but total marketable yield was significantly reduced in all plots receiving more than two Amcotone sprays, and mean fruit weight was reduced by all Amcotone treatments. Early and total marketable yield of pepper at Ft. Pierce were markedly reduced in plots receiving four applications of 40 mg·L-1, which was a high rate used to assess potential phytotoxicity. While minimal benefit from auxin application was observed in this study, earlier studies suggest that these results may have been influenced by favorable environmental conditions for fruit development or negative effects on unopened flowers during all Amcotone spray applications.

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Contributor Notes

To whom requests for reprints should be addressed. E-mail address: ews@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu
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