Cultivar Pollinizer Does Not Affect Almond Flavor

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  • 1 Departamento de Mejora y Patología Vegetal, Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Apartado 4195, E-30080 Murcia, Spain
  • 2 Departamento de Mejora y Patología Vegetal, Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Apartado 4195, E-30080 Murcia, Spain
  • 3 Unité de Génétique et d'Amélioration des Fruits et Légumes, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Site AGROPARC, Domaine Saint Paul, BP91, F-84914 Avignon, Cedex 9, France

The effect of pollinizer on sweet or bitter almond flavor was studied by tasting the seeds obtained from 32 crosses between sweet, bitter, and slightly bitter parents. Out of eight female parents, two were homozygous sweet (`Del Cid' and `Aï'); two were heterozygous sweet (`Marcona' and `Nonpareil'); one heterozygous with an almost undetectable slightly bitter flavor (`Ferrastar'); two heterozygous slightly bitter (`Garrigues' and `Marie Dupuy'); and one bitter homozygous (`S3067', self-compatible clone obtained in CEBAS). Each cultivar was hand-pollinated with four male cultivars: one homozygous sweet (`Ramillete'), one heterozygous sweet (`Atocha'), one heterozygous slightly bitter (`Garrigues'), and one homozygous (`S3067'). Since `Garrigues' is self-incompatible, the cross `Garrigues' × `Garrigues' was replaced by `Garrigues' × `S3065' (slightly bitter clone obtained in CEBAS). Tasting of the seeds resulting from each cross resulted in the complete absence of any influence of pollinizer on flavor, which only depended on the female parent.

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Contributor Notes

To whom reprint requests should be addressed. E-mail address: fdicenta@natura.cebas.csic.es
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