Comparative Rooting of Shoot Tips of Four Japanese Persimmon Cultivars vs. Shoots Regenerated from Roots Cultured In Vitro

in HortScience
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  • 1 Experimental Farm, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-0096, Japan
  • | 2 Experimental Farm, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-0096, Japan

When cultured in vitro, roots of four Japanese persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) cultivars formed adventitious shoots on MS medium with 10 μm zeatin and 0.01 μm indole-3-acetic acid, although their organogenetic capacities varied. Histological study revealed that the origin of the adventitious shoots was the pericycle. The regenerated shoots grew well on the shoot proliferation medium (MS with 5 μm zeatin). Final rooting percentages of shoots regenerated from roots of three of the four cultivars were greater than those of shoots that originated from shoot tips and that had been subcultured >50 times. Shoots regenerated from `Jiro' roots rooted 10 days earlier, had more roots than those from shoot tips, and maintained higher rooting ability over ten subcultures. Rooted `Hiratanenashi' shoots regenerated from roots survived better after acclimatization than those from shoot tips. No obvious variants were observed either in vitro or in the field. The trees regenerated from roots flowered within 4 years. These findings suggest that partial rather than true rejuvenation was responsible for both the early flowering and the juvenile characteristics, i.e., the enhanced rooting ability, observed in the regenerated plants. Chemical name used: 6-(4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enylamino) purine (zeatin).

Contributor Notes

To whom reprint requests should be addressed. E-mail address: tetsumur@farm.kyoto-u.ac.jpCurrent address: Dept. of Biotechnology Science, School of Biologically Oriented Science and Technology, Kinki Univ., Wakayama 649-6433, Japan.
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