Evaluation of Plant-bed Fertility in Vidalia Onions

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  • 1 East Georgia Extension Center, P.O. Box 8112, Statesboro, GA 30460

In 1998–99, experiments were conducted to evaluate current fertility practices with plant-bed onions. In experiments in 1998 and 1999, a factorial experiment of preplant 5–10–15 and CaNO3 sidedressing indicated that CaNO3 had a significant effect on foliar nitrogen levels. CaNO3 also had an effect on stand count in 1998, but not in 1999. CaNO3 and 5–10–15 had an effect on plant height in both 1998 and 1999, with an interaction between 5–10–15 and CaNO3 in 1999. In 1999, transplants were also evaluated on an acceptability scale with 5–10–15 and CaNO3 rates resulting in significant differences in transplant acceptability. Postseedling applications of high phosphorus fertilizer were also evaluated. There were no consistent improvements in transplant growth with applications of high phosphorus fertilizers, such as 18–46–0 or 10–34–0, either on soils with very high residual phosphorus (242 lb/acre) or medium residual phosphorus (50 lb/acre). In addition, variety was not a factor in these responses.

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