551 Inheritance of Tomato Late Blight Resistance Derived from Lycopersicon hirsutum LA1033 and Identification of Molecular Markers

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  • 1 Dept. of Horticultural Science, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC 27695

During the last century Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary, which causes the devastating disease late blight of tomato and potato, has been controlled with pesticides. Recently, the difficulty of controlling late blight has increased due to the appearance of new strains of P. infestans that are more virulent and are resistant to metalaxyl. Numerous P. infestans resistance genes exist within the Solanaceae; however, most of these are race-specific and have the potential of being overcome. To achieve durable resistance, it may be necessary to utilize multigenic resistance or gene pyramiding. The Lycopersicon hirsutum Kunth accession LA1033 is highly resistant to P. infestans. To incorporate resistance into a useful background, the L. esculentum Miller inbred line NC215E was used as a recurrent parent in backcrossing with L. hirsutum LA1033. A population of 264 BC3F1 plants derived from 11 BC2F2 families was planted at Fletcher and Waynesville, N.C., in July 1998 in a replicated field trial. BC3F2 seed were collected from a single highly resistant BC3F1 plant. The BC3F2 population was tested for resistance using a detached leaf screen. To verify growth chamber test results, BC3F3 seeds were collected from the BC3F2 individuals and were planted in a field trial at Fletcher in July 1999. The ratio of resistant to susceptible progeny fit the expected ratio for an incompletely dominant trait controlled by two loci. To identify molecular markers linked to the resistance loci, DNA was extracted from the highly resistant and susceptible BC3F2 individuals, and bulks of DNA were constructed. The resistant and susceptible bulks were screened with AFLP (amplified fragment length polymorphism) markers. Results of the AFLP study indicate marker linkage to resistance.

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