159 The Relationship between Actual Photosystem II Efficiency and Quantum Yield for CO2 Assimilation is Not Affected by Nitrogen Content in Apple Leaves

in HortScience
Authors:
Lailiang Cheng1Dept. of Fruit & Vegetable Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853; 2Dept. of Horticulture, ALS 4017, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331

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Leslie H. Fuchigami1Dept. of Fruit & Vegetable Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853; 2Dept. of Horticulture, ALS 4017, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331

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Patrick J. Breen1Dept. of Fruit & Vegetable Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853; 2Dept. of Horticulture, ALS 4017, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331

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Bench-grafted Fuji/M26 apple (Malus domestica Borkh) trees were fertigated with different concentrations of nitrogen by using a modified Hoagland's solution for 45 days. CO2 assimilation and actual photosystem II (PSII) efficiency in response to incident photon flux density (PFD) were measured simultaneously in recent fully expanded leaves under low O2 (2%) and saturated CO2 (1300 ppm) conditions. A single curvilinear relationship was found between true quantum yield for CO2 assimilation and actual PSII efficiency for leaves with a wide range of leaf N content. The relationship was linear up to a quantum yield of approximately 0.05 mol CO2/mol quanta, then became curvilinear with a further rise in quantum yield in response to decreasing PFD. This relationship was subsequently used as a calibration curve to assess the rate of linear electron transport associated with rubisco and partitioning of electron flow between CO2 assimilation and photorespiration in different N leaves in response to intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci) under normal O2 conditions. Both the rate of linear electron flow, and the rate to CO2 or O2 increased with increasing leaf N at any given Ci, but the percentage of linear electron flow to CO2 assimilation remained the same regardless of leaf N content. As Ci increased, the percentage of linear electron flow to CO2 assimilation increased. In conclusion, the relationship between actual PSII efficiency and quantum yield for CO2 assimilation and the partitioning of electron flow between CO2 assimilation and photorespiration are not affected by N content in apple leaves.

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