103 Tomato Cultivation using Black Polyethylene or Hairy Vetch Mulches and Various Foliar Disease Management Systems: Effect on Subsequent Quality of Fresh-cut Slices

in HortScience
View More View Less
  • 1Horticultural Crops Quality Laboratory, Bldg. 002, and 2Weed Science Laboratory, Bldg. 001, Plant Sciences Institute, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, ARS, USDA, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350;3 Biometrical Consulting Service, Bldg. 005, Beltsville Area, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, ARS, USDA, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350 USA

Experiments were conducted to compare changes in quality of slices of red tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., cv. Sunbeam) fruit from plants grown using black polyethylene or hairy vetch mulches under various foliar disease management systems including: no fungicide applications (NF), a disease forecasting model (Tom-Cast), and weekly fungicide applications (WF), during storage at 5 °C under a modified atmosphere. In this study, we used the fourth uniform slice from the stem end and analyzed for firmness, soluble solids content (SSC), titratable acidity (TA), pH, electrolyte leakage, molds, yeasts and occurrence of water-soaked areas. With both NF and Tom-Cast fungicide treatments, slices from tomato fruit grown with hairy vetch mulch showed greater firmness than those from tomato fruit grown with black polyethylene mulch after 12 d of storage. Ethylene production of slices from tomato fruit grown using hairy vetch mulch under Tom-Cast was about 1.5- and 5-fold higher than that of slices from tomato fruit grown under the WF and NF fungicide treatments after 12 d, respectively. Within each fungicide treatment, slices from tomato fruit grown using hairy vetch mulch showed less chilling injury (water-soaked areas) than those from tomatoes grown using black polyethylene mulch. The percentage of water-soaked areas for slices from tomato fruit grown using black polyethylene mulch under NF was over 7-fold that of slices from tomato fruit grown using hairy vetch under Tom-Cast. These results suggest that, under our conditions, fruit from plants grown using hairy vetch mulch may be more suitable for fresh-cut slices than those grown using black polyethylene mulch.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 37 10 1
PDF Downloads 49 16 0