078 New Dwarf Cultivar, `Andong', of Hibiscus syriacus L.

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  • 1 Dept. of Landscape Architecture, Sung Kyun Kwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea

This cultivar originated from a grafting mutant in grafted plants of a selected 100-year-old seedling of Hibiscus syriacus L. for 5 years. In 1999, the plant is named H. syriacus `Andong'. Hibiscus syriacus `Andong' is a deciduous, erect-growing, multiple-stemmed, dwarf type that, in 7 years, has grown 120 cm high and 65 cm wide, with dense branching to the base. It has more than 200 flowers in a 7-year-old tree. The alternate, leathery, waxy, dark green leaves are 5.3 cm long, 3.8 cm wide. But it is 0.48 mm thick and 34.42 mg/cm2 of fresh weight and then is thickier and heavier than that of other cultivars. Therefore, the plant is rarely damaged by aphids and is reliably hardy to -20 °C. The flowers are white with a prominent dark red eye spot that radiates along the veins to midpetal, 5-7 cm in diameter, and blooms profusely from July to October. Total flowering time of `Andong' was 36 h in both 1998 and 1999. It sets very little fruit. AIt does not only germinate by pollen, but also by seeds. This cultivar can be readily propagated by softwood (on 24 July with 7000 ppm IBA in the mist) or hardwood cutting (1000 ppm IBA) and by grafting on seedling H. syriacus understock.

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