Resistance of Hybrid Citrus Rootstocks to a Mediterranean Biotype of Tylenchulus semipenetrans Cobb

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  • 1 Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries, Departament Protecció Vegetal, Crta. de Cabrils s/n, 08348 Cabrils (Barcelona), Spain
  • | 2 E.S.A.B. Departament Agronomia, Comte d' Urgell 187, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
  • | 3 Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Departamento Citricultura, Apartado oficial, 46113, Moncada, Valencia, Spain

The response of 52 citrus hybrid rootstocks to a Mediterranean biotype of Tylenchulus semipenetrans Cobb was determined in greenhouse tests. Seven selections of the cross `Cleopatra' mandarin [Citrus reshni Hort. × Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf], and one of Citrus volkameriana Pasq. × P. trifoliata did not support nematode reproduction and were considered as highly resistant to the citrus nematode. The nematode showed very low infectivity and reproductive potential on seven additional selections of `Cleopatra' mandarin × P. trifoliata, one of `King' mandarin × P. trifoliata, and two C. volkameriana × P. trifoliata. These selections were considered as nematode resistant. All the selections with `Troyer' citrange [Citrus sinensis (L). Osbeck × P. trifoliata (L.) Raf] in their parentage supported nematode reproduction but showed different levels of susceptibility.

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