Distribution of Urea-derived Nitrogen Supplied to Apple Leaves

in HortScience
Authors:
Habib KhemiraDepartment of Horticulture, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-7304

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Timothy L. RighettiDepartment of Horticulture, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-7304

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Anita N. AzarenkoDepartment of Horticulture, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-7304

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Fruit tree responses to foliar urea sprays are variable. We hypothesized that such variability is a function of leaf age-related changes in urea-N mobility after urea is absorbed. Two experiments were conducted to study the distribution of urea-derived N in shoots and branches of apple (Malus ×domestica Borkh.) trees. Urea labeled with 15N was applied to young expanding leaves in spring and to senescing spur leaves in fall. At the low concentrations used [0.5%, 1%, and 2% (w/v)], very little spring-applied 15N was found in tissues other than the treated leaf. Fall-applied urea-15N, however, was detected in high concentrations in dormant buds and bark of the spurs to which the treated leaves were attached. Almost no N was exported to neighboring tissues. The following spring, there was some redistribution of labeled N to adjacent buds. Foliar urea sprays applied immediately after harvest contributed most to bud N; less urea-N was exported to the buds following later fall applications.

Contributor Notes

To whom reprint requests should be addressed. Current address: 1100 N. Western Ave., Wenatchee, WA 98801-1299. E-mail: habib@wsu.edu
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