658 Processes Influencing Floral Initiation and Bloom: The Role of Phytohormones in a Conceptual Flowering Model

in HortScience
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  • 1 University of Florida, Trop. Res. & Ed. Ctr., 18905 SW 280 St., Homestead, FL 33031

The reproductive phenology of temperate tree fruit species, such as apple and peach, will be briefly introduced and compared to the reproductive phenologies of several tropical and subtropical tree fruit species. Conceptual models of citrus and mango flowering will be described which help to understand the physiological mechanisms of flowering and vegetative flushes in trees growing in subtropical and tropical environments. Possible roles for auxin and cytokinins in shoot initiation and for gibberellins and a putative florigenic promoter in induction will be discussed as they relate to the physiology of flowering and vegetative flushes of tropical species. Successful application of these conceptual flowering models in controlling flowering of citrus, mango, lychee, and longan through the use of growth regulators and other horticultural management techniques will be described.

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