269 Effect of ReTain on Peach Harvest Delay and Fruit Quality

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  • 1 1101 Funchess Hall, Department of Horticulture, Auburn University, Auburn, Al 36849
  • 2 Chilton Area Horticulture Substation, 120 County Road 756, Clanton, AL 35045

This experiment was conducted to determine peach harvest delay, quality, and storage life by ReTain. ReTain was applied to `Loring' at 50 ppm at 17, 14, 12, 10, or 7 days before harvest (n = 4). Fruit were harvested based on conversion of ground color to yellow over five dates at 3- to 4-day intervals in July. Fruit were segregated into five size classes, counted, and weighed. Ten fruit were randomly selected from the 2.5-in. size class, and fruit quality was measured at harvest and after 5 days at 20 °C. Some fruit were stored for 5 days at 4 °C, removed from storage, and fruit quality measured 4 h after removal. Harvest date was not affected by ReTain. Firmness was higher for fruit held at 5 days in cold storage with earlier treatment application but not at harvest or after 5 days at room temperature, although the trend at harvest was similar to the 5-day storage data. Soluble solids were not affected at harvest, after storage or after 5 days at room temperature. Red blush was slightly less at harvest and after 5 days in cold storage with earlier application rates, but differences disappeared after 5 days at room temperature. Yellow color was higher with earlier application date after 5 days of cold storage but not at harvest or after 5 days at room temperature. These results indicate that ReTain may have some utility for improving peach firmness at harvest, but there was no benefit of harvest delay at the rates applied in this study.

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