199 Influence of Photoperiod, Temperature, and Growth Regulators on Growth and Flowering of Helichrysum and Brachycome

in HortScience
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  • 1 Department of Horticulture, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, 30602-7273

Five taxa of Helichrysum Mill. and Brachycome Cass. were recently evaluated for greenhouse production and amenity use. Preliminary studies on the influence of photoperiod, temperature, and growth regulators were conducted for H. bracteatum Vent., (syn Bracteantha bracteata) `Sunray' and `Matilda Yellow', H. apiculatum D.C, (syn Chrysocephalum apiculatum) `Golden Buttons' and Brachycome iberidifolia Benth. `Jumbo Mauve' and `Mauve Delight'. All taxa of Helichrysum were quantitative LD plants, flowering slightly more rapidly under night-break (2200-0200 HR) and extended day incandescent lighting, compared with 9-h short-day treatment. No influence of photoperiod occurred with cultivars of Brachycome. Constant temperature of 12, 20, or 28 °C were provided and all taxa demonstrated a linear decrease in flowering time as temperatures increased. The growth index (average of height and two measurements of width) was also influenced by temperature. Paclobutrazol and daminozide were applied at different concentrations and frequencies. Paclobutrazol was more effective than daminozide in both genera, and daminozide was ineffective in Brachycome.

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