114 In Vitro Multiplication of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) as Affected by the Microcutting Characteristics

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  • 1 Embrapa Temperate Climate, P.O. Box 403, 96001-970. Pelotas,RS. Brazil
  • | 2 FAEM/UFPEL, P.O.Box 354, 96001-970, Pelotas-RS, Brazil

This work was carried out in the Tissue Culture Laboratory of Embrapa Temperate Climate aiming to maximize the protocol for in vitro culture of potato cv. Baronesa. The treatments consisted of multiplication of microcuttings with one, two, or three buds with/without leaves and originated from different regions of the shoot: apical, middle, or basal. Each treatment was repeated five times with each replication composed of five explants that were inoculated in 250-ml flasks with 40 ml of the medium containing MS salts and vitamins added to: sucrose (30 g·L-1), myo-inositol (100 mg·L-1), agar (6 g·L-1). The pH was adjusted to 5.6 before autoclaving. After inoculation, the flasks remained in a growth room at 25 ± 2 °C, 16-h photoperiod, and 19 μmol·m-2·s-1 light intensity provided by cool-white fluorescents lamps. Observations were done every 5 days. Final evaluation was performed after 30 days. It was observed that basal microcuttings provided longer shoots and that microcuttings with leaves bore the best ones. This kind of explant also favored a higher number of shoots, axilary buds, and better multiplication rate. The presence of leaves in the microcutting is important when basal explants are used once it can improve the number of axillary buds and the rate of multiplication. The higher the number of buds in the microcutting the lower the rate of multiplication. The in vitro multiplication of potato could be improved by using one-leaf bud basal microcutting.

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