081 Genetic Analysis of Direct Shoot Organogenesis on Hypocotyls of Antirrhinum majus L.

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  • 1 Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706

Direct shoot organogenesis (DSO) on Antirrhinum majus L. (snapdragon) was evaluated in vitro to determine the inheritance of genes conditioning this response. One-centimeter-long hypocotyls excised from 2-week-old seedlings started in vitro in the dark on Murashige and Skoog medium served as explants. Optimal conditions for DSO on explants included hypocotyl excision from 10-day-old seedlings, 2.22 μmol BA in the culture medium, and a 21-day culture duration. An adventitious shoot was counted once it developed a stem terminated by at least one leaf appearing to have originated from an apical meristem. Seven populations were evaluated for DSO: parent 1 (P1) with lowest DSO (0.3 shoots); parent 2 (P2) with highest DSO (13.9 shoots); F1 (P1 × P2); F1 (P2 × P1); F2 (self-pollination of F1); P1 × [P1 × P2]; and P2 × [P1 × P2]. P1 and P2 were chosen as parents based on DSO counts being lowest and highest, respectively, of inbreds evaluated. DSO appears to be a trait under nuclear genetic control. High DSO appears to be dominant over low DSO. The trait appears to be simply inherited through one or two genes.

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