059 Performance of `Guardian' Peach Rootstock Selections in Alabama

in HortScience
Authors:
Robert C. EbelDepartment of Horticulture, 101 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849

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Bryan WilkinsDepartment of Horticulture, 101 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849

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David HimelrickDepartment of Horticulture, 101 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849

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Tom BeckmanUSDA-ARS, S.E. Fruit and Tree Nut Research Lab, 21 Dunbar Road, Bryon, GA 31008

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Andy NyczepirUSDA-ARS, S.E. Fruit and Tree Nut Research Lab, 21 Dunbar Road, Bryon, GA 31008

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Jim PittsChilton Area Horticulture Substation, 120 County Road 756, Clanton, AL 35045

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Twelve peach rootstocks including `Lovell', `Nemaguard', `Flordaguard', `14DR51', five `Guardian' (BY520-9) selections, and three BY520-8 selections, were evaluated under field conditions to determine their effect on performance of `Cresthaven' peach. The trees were planted in 1994. Trunk cross-sectional area of BY520-8 selections SL1923 and SL4028 was 28% larger than the rest of the rootstocks, which were similar. There was no crop in 1996 due to late spring frost. Yield in 1997 and 1998 was higher for SL1923 because of higher cropload than the rest of the rootstocks, which were similar. Yield efficiency varied across years and rootstocks. Fruit weight varied among rootstocks but all were commercially acceptable. Harvest date was advanced by two days for some rootstocks compared to Lovell and none were delayed. Percent red blush, soluble solids and firmness varied among rootstocks, but none demonstrated superior quality in all of these parameters as compared to Lovell. Ring nematode population densities were above the threshhold considered to be critical for onset of PTSL for all rootstocks in 1997 and 1998. Tree survival was at or above 86% for all rootstocks and death was not correlated with ring nematode density No trees developed symptoms characteristic of Peach Tree Short Life disease complex. Guardian selections performed adequately compared to the commonly used commercial rootstocks in this study, however, the yield date are from 2 years only.

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