035 A New Southernpea

in HortScience
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  • 1 Departments of Horticulture, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701
  • | 2 Departments of Food Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701

Southernpea (cowpea), Vigna ungiculata L. Walp, is an important processing and fresh-market vegetable in the southern United States. While many of the newer varieties are early maturing, there is still a need for late-maturing, high-yielding varieties. Arkansas 92-552 fills this niche. It is a bush plant that produces silver pods in the upper portion of large plants that are free of basal runners. The seed are medium size with a bright pink eye. Maturity is 5 to 7 days later than `Coronet' under Arkansas conditions. The variety processes well and canned peas have been rated equal to `Coronet' by consumers panels. The yield potential is high and it has produced higher yield than `Coronet' in replicated trials in Arkansas. 92-552 is also resistant to rootknot nematode.

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