Irradiance, Temperature, and Carbon Dioxide Enrichment Affect Photosynthesis in Phalaenopsis Hybrids

in HortScience
Authors: P. Lootens1 and J. Heursel1
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  • 1 Center of Ecophysiological Diagnosis Techniques, Department of Crop Husbandry and Ecophysiology, Agricultural Research Centre Ghent, Ministry of Small Enterprises, Traders and Agriculture, Burg. Van Gansberghelaan 109, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium

The short-term effects of photosynthetic photon flux (PPF), day/night temperatures and CO2 concentration on CO2 exchange were determined for two Phalaenopsis hybrids. At 20 °C, the saturating PPF for photosynthesis was 180 μmol·m-2s-1. At this PPF and ambient CO2 level (380 μL·L-1), a day/night temperature of 20/15 °C resulted in the largest daily CO2 uptake. Higher night temperatures probably increased the respiration rate and lowered daily CO2 uptake in comparison with 20/15 °C. An increase in the CO2 concentration from 380 to 950 μL·L-1 increased daily CO2 uptake by 82%.