Multiple Shoot Production In Vitro of the Tropical Timber Tree, Sentang (Azadirachta excelsa Linn.)

in HortScience
Authors:
T.K. LiewSchool of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

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C.K.H. TeoSchool of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

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Axillary buds from 5-month-old seedlings of Azadirachta excelsa Linn. were surface-sterilized twice with 1.35% (m/v) and 1.05% (m/v) of sodium hypochlorite for 25 and 15 minutes, respectively, before culturing on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing combinations of BA and NAA. A combination of 4.4 μM BA + 0.5 μM NAA induced the most axillary buds to grow (eight per explant). Subsequent proliferation of the micropropagated shoots on this medium yielded abnormal shoots. The best medium for maximum proliferation of these micropropagated shoots contained 3.3 μM BA and 0.27 μM NAA. On this medium about four normal shoots were produced per explant. These findings indicate that two different media are needed for successful micropropagation of sentang. Chemical names used: N6-benzylaminopurine (BA); 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA).

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