An Alternative and Inexpensive Assay for Plant Invertases

in HortScience

The glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH) and glucose oxidase methods are commonly adapted for plant invertase assay. A disadvantage of the G-6-PDH assay is the relatively high cost of the coupling enzymes and cofactors. A disadvantage of the glucose oxidase method, which uses a glucose kit (Sigma, 510-A), is the presence of high activities of acid invertase and alkaline invertase in the PGO enzyme formula (peroxidase and glucose oxidase), which gives a falsely high invertase activity value. An alternative and inexpensive coupled assay was developed for enzymatic assay of plant invertases. In this assay, ADP produced from phosphorylation of glucose and fructose (hydrolysis products of invertases) is coupled to oxidation of NADH by the enzymes pyruvate kinase and lactate dehydrogenase in presence of phosphoenolpyruvate and NADH. This method was compared with the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase method by using protein preparations derived from plant materials of three different species. Statistical analysis indicated that the alternative assay was similar in accuracy to the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase method, with an advantage of reducing the cost from $0.85 to $0.35 per assay.

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