Tissue Specificity of `Chandler' Strawberry Peroxidase Isozymes

in HortScience
Authors:
Ellen A. McCombDept. of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH 43210

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A. Raymond MillerDept. of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH 43210

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Joseph C. ScheerensDept. of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH 43210

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Peroxidase activity in extracts from freeze-dried tissue of Fragaria × ananassa Duch. cv. Chandler was highest in tissue-cultured (TC) plants, followed by field-grown (FG) and lowest in greenhouse (GH) plants. Among tissue types, activity was highest in petioles, with leaves second highest. Fruit, root, and crown tissue all exhibited low or no activity. When subjected to isoelectric focusing (IEF), petiole tissue extracts exhibited more isozymes than extracts from other organs regardless of staining substrate. Using 4-chloro-1-naphthol and H2O2 as substrates, anionic and cationic isozymes were observed in TC petiole extract with nine isozyme bands ranging in pI from 3.9 to 9.5. In TC leaf extract an isozyme at pI 7.4 was observed that was not present in other organ extracts when H2O2 and benzidine, p-phenylenediamine or 3-amino-9-ethylcarbazole were used as substrates. Specific isozymes and number of isozymes varied according to plant organ and developmental stage. Mature leaves and over-ripe fruit appeared to exhibit more activity and a larger number of isozymes than developing tissues of those plant organs.

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