GROWTH CHARACTERISTICS OF `BEAUREGARD' AND `DARBY' SWEETPOTATO

in HortScience
Authors:
Lewis W. JettLouisiana State University Agricultural Center, Sweet Potato Research Station, Chase, LA 71324

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T.P. TalbotLouisiana State University Agricultural Center, Sweet Potato Research Station, Chase, LA 71324

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`Beauregard' and `Darby' sweetpotato cultivars were developed and released by the Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station in 1987 and 1994, respectively. In total acreage, `Beauregard' is the dominant cultivar of sweetpotato grown in Louisiana and the remaining United States. However, very little is known about the growth characteristics of these two cultivars. Therefore, the objectives of this research were to examine storage root and shoot growth. Uniform transplants of both cultivars were transplanted in mid-July 1995 at the LSU Sweet Potato Research Station and sequentially harvested biweekly. Optimum leaf area of both cultivars was attained ≈60 days after transplanting. `Beauregard' had less leaf area than `Darby' at each stage of development, but partitioned more assimilates to the storage roots. At harvest, the harvest index of `Beauregard' was ≈75% compared with 50% for `Darby'. `Beauregard' had a significantly greater total yield of storage roots than `Darby'.

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