CROP YIELD AND BIOMASS AS CORRELATED WITH N LEVELS AND COVER CROPS

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  • 1 Horticulture Department, University of Georgia, Tifton, GA 31793
  • | 2 Horticulture Department, Clemson University
  • | 3 Horticulture Department, University of Georgia, Tifton, GA 31793
  • | 4 Horticulture Department, North Carolina State University
  • | 5 Department of Soil Science, North Carolina State University
  • | 6 Horticulture Department, Clemson University

Cucumber and potato crops were tested in a rotation with winter cover crops at different locations in Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina from 1991 to 1994. Biomass DM of vegetable crops was greatest when grown after crimson clover. Clover plantings resulted in a greater biomass than wheat when preceded spring cucumber crop. Vegetable biomass produced on clover plots or with N rates of 60 to 120 kg·ha–l was equivalent. Nitrogen recovery by cover and vegetable crops was enhanced by clover plantings. Clover biomass (tops only) provided an average of 138 kg N/ha for the cucumber crop, compared to an average of 64 kg N/ha provided by wheat. Nitrogen recovery by vegetable crops was also enhanced with 60–120 kg N/ha rates. Yields were highest when high N rates were used and when crops were produced on clover plots. Vegetable yield, cover crop biomass, and N recovery were positively correlated with vegetable biomass and applied N.

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