PERFORMANCE OF TROPICAL PUMPKIN (CUCURBITA MOSCHATA) INBREDS AND HYBRIDS

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  • 1 Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Bradenton, FL 34203

Traditional varieties and selections of tropical pumpkins have long trailing vines that produce two to five fruit weighing from 2 to 20 kg each. Bush inbreds have been developed from crosses between `La Primera', `La Segunda', and `Seminole' with `Bush Butternut'. These inbred plants produce four to 10 early-maturing fruit weighing 1 to 2 kg each at the crown of the plant. Hybrids made with the vining types produce plants that have short or intermediate-length vines. Fruit are produced at the crown and on short laterals on the short-vine hybrids and on laterals on the intermediate-vine hybrids. Some short-vined and intermediate-vined hybrids produce higher yields than the traditional type, but fruit size is smaller and the fruit wall is generally thinner. C42-1-9-1 x Linea C. Pinta, an intermediate-vine type, produced the highest yield in spring (66.5 t·ha–1) and fall (39.9 t·ha–1) at Bradenton, Fla. About three fruit weighing 4 to 5 kg each were produced per plant.

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