Painted Containers: A New Method for Imidacloprid Application

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  • 1 Dept. of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH 43210
  • | 2 2Dept. of Entomology, The Ohio State Univ., Wooster, OH 44691

The effectiveness of two methods of application of the insecticide imidacloprid in controlling 1) aphids (Brachycaudus helichrysi) on Chrysanthemum plants, Dendranthema ×grandiflora (Ramat) (cv. Nob Hill) and 2) whitefly (Bemisia argentifolii) on poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima (Wild.) (cv. Freedom Red) were compared. Plants were grown in containers with their interior covered by a mixture of flat latex paint and several concentrations of imidacloprid (0, 10, 21, 42, and 88 mg·L–1), or treated with a granular application of the insecticide (1% a.i.) according to label recommendations. All imidacloprid treatments were effective in reducing aphid survival after 8 weeks. The two most effective treatments were: granular (1% a.i.) and 88 mg·L–1 with an average of 0.2 aphid per plant as opposed to 50.4 aphids per plant for the control. The 42-mg·L–1 treatment had an aphid survival rate 1.6 aphids per plant. All imidacloprid treatments were effective in reducing white fly larvae. The 42 and 88 mg·L–1 and the granular (1% a.i.) were equally effective in reducing larvae numbers in lower poinsettia leaves: 0.5, 1.9, 0.9 larvae/2.5 cm leaf disk, respectively, while the control treatment had 62.9. None of the plants given treatments with paint showed any sign of phytotoxicity. These results suggest the possibility of a new application method for systemic chemicals with the potential of reducing or eliminating Worker Protection Standard (WPS) Restricted Entry Intervals (REI) and reducing the release of chemicals to the environment. Chemical name used: 1-[(6-Chloro-3-pyrimidil)]-N-nitro-2-imidazolidinimine.

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