Effect of Mycorrhiza on Growth Recovery of Neem Plants after Drought Exposure

in HortScience
Authors:
L. PhavaphutanonDept. of Horticultural Sci., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX 77843

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F.T. Davies Jr.Dept. of Horticultural Sci., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX 77843

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S.A. DurayDept. of Horticultural Sci., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX 77843

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Growth recovery of mycorrhizal (VAM) and nonmycorrhizal (non-VAM) neem plants after drought exposure were followed under low phosphorus conditions. Drought significantly decreased plant growth regardless of mycorrhiza. Relative growth rate of droughted plants was greater than nondroughted plants during the growth recovery period, and compensated the loss of growth during the previous drought. VAM increased plant growth and improved regeneration of new roots outside the original root balls, particularly in plants previously exposed to drought. New roots of VAM plants were readily colonized by the VAM fungi, while those of non-VAM plants remained uncolonized. VAM growth enhancement after drought exposure was associated with greater uptake of phosphorus and other nutrients, and improved root regeneration.

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