The Expression of Nonacclimated Freezing Tolerance and Acclimation Capacity in Progeny Derived from Somatic Hybrids of Solanum tuberosum and S. commersonii

in HortScience
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  • 1 Dept. of Horticulture, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison WI 53706

Tetraploid somatic hybrids between S. tuberosum (tbr) and S. commersonii (cmm) have been produced to incorporate desirable traits such as cold hardiness from cmm into cultivated potatoes. While nonacclimated freezing tolerance (NA) of these somatic hybrids were as low as tbr fusion parent, their acclimation capacity (ACC) approximated that of the parental mean. In order to further explore the potential of using these somatic hybrids in breeding programs and to examine the segregation of genes conferring NA and ACC in somatic hybrids, progenies have been developed from either selfing somatic hybrids or crossing them with a tuberosum breeding line, Wis 231. In total, 48 selfed and 6 backcross progenies were characterized for the expression of NA and ACC. The NA derived from cmm was still poorly recovered in both sets of progenies. However, ACC did show some variation ranging from the level of sensitive fusion parent to that of the selfed parent, HA 26-5. None of the progeny had ACC as high as their cmm parent. Our results suggest that the expression of NA was suppressed by the cold sensitive genome of tbr. Thus, ACC is the form of cold tolerance from cmm, which appears to be most easily accessed though these somatic hybrids.

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