Crossability of 14 Rubus Species with Red Raspberry and Blackberry Cultivars

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  • 1 USDA–ARS; NW Center for Small Fruit Research; HCRL and USDA–ARS Natl. Clonal Germplasm Repository, Corvallis, OR 97330

Populations of 40 Rubus sp., representing the Malachobatus, Idaeobatus, Eubatus, and Anoplobatus, were planted in the field in 1994. To get a preliminary idea of how successful crosses between these species and standard cultivars would be, 58 crosses were attempted between standard cultivars and randomly selected genotypes of the 14 species that produced a significant number of flowers in 1995. Diploid species were crossed with `Tulameen' and `Meeker' raspberry and the tetraploid species with `Cherokee' and `Chester' blackberry. Twenty-two crosses produced seed lots ranging from 8 to 630 seeds. Crosses were successful with R. caesius, R. caucasicus, R. coreanus, R. georgicus, R. parvifolius, R. rosifolius, and R. sumatranus. Crosses were not successful with R. eustephanos, R. insularis, R. innominatus, R. lambertianus, R. sachalinensis, R. setchuenensis, R. swinhoei, and R. tsangorum. In vitro seed germination was attempted with all crosses. Larger seed lots were also germinated using standard procedures for Rubus. There is a great deal of variability in leaf morphology of the young seedlings within a cross that suggests that some or all of the seedlings are true hybrids. Seedlings that are not true hybrids could result from contaminant pollen or, as in R. armeniacus, pseudogamous embryo formation. Crossing results from 1995 and 1996, including crosses attempted and seed numbers per cross, will be presented along with, for the 1995 crosses, the number of germinated seedlings and our assessment of whether they appear to be true hybrids.

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