Heritability of Nut, Kernel, and Phenological Traits in Hazelnut

in HortScience
Authors:
Qiang YaoDept. of Horticulture, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331

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Shawn A. MehlenbacherDept. of Horticulture, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331

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David C. SmithDept. of Horticulture, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331

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The Oregon State Univ. breeding program is developing improved hazelnut cultivars for the kernel market. Most traits of interest are quantitative, yet there is little information available on their heritability. In this study, the heritability of 10 morphological and 4 phenological traits was estimated by regression of offspring means on midparent values. Seedlings from 35 crosses among 41 parents made in 1988 and 1989 were used. The parents represented the wide genetic diversity used in the breeding program. Estimates were all high, ranging from 0.56 for amount of kernel fiber and 0.58 for time of catkin elongation to 0.87 for percent kernel and 0.89 for nut depth.

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