Transformation of Nicotiana alata Link and Otto. with an Autoregulatory Senescence-inhibitor Gene Construct

in HortScience
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  • 1 Dept. of Horticulture, Univ. of Wisconsin, 1575 Linden Dr., Madison, WI 53706

Leaf explants of Nicotiana alata Link and Otto. were surface disinfested and cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 2.66 μm N6-benzyladenine (BA) to promote shoot proliferation. After 5 weeks, proliferated shoots were removed and remaining callus saved. Callus was inoculated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens encoding a senescence-specific promoter SAG12 cloned from Arabidopsis thaliana fused to a Agrobacterium tumefaciens gene encoding isopentenyl transferase which catalyzes cytokinin synthesis. Following inoculation, the callus was cocultivated for 6 days on BA medium. Selection for transgenics was done on BA medium plus 100 mg Kanamycin and 400 mg Ticarcillin (antibiotics) per liter. Proliferating shoots were rooted on MS medium containing antibiotics. Rooted cuttings were transplanted to soil, acclimated and flowered in the greenhouse. Transgenics were outcrossed to a commercial N. alata hybrid. Seed was germinated in vitro on half-strength MS medium plus antibiotics. Segregation of transgenics to nontransgenics was 1:1. Evaluation of leaf senescence on 5-month-old plants showed 2 to 14 times fewer senesced leaves on the transgenic than the nontransgenic plants.

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