Factors Affecting Agrobacterium-mediated Transformation of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

in HortScience
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  • 1 1Dept. of Horticulture, Univ. of Nebraska–Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583
  • | 2 2Dept. of Plant Pathology, Univ. of Nebraska–Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583
  • | 3 3Center for Biotechnology, Univ. of Nebraska–Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583

Factors influencing Agrobacterium–mediated DNA transfer of P. vulgaris were examined using an intron-containing β-glucuronidase (GUS) gene as a reporter system. Tissue culture procedures used were based on direct shoot organogenesis. Two A. tumefaciens strains, A2760 and EHA105, were used with more emphasis on the former due to its overall higher transformation rate. Ten bean entries including breeding lines and cultivars from both Meso-American and Andean origins were compared for compatibility with the two bacterial strains under different pre- and coculture conditions. Pinto `Othello' was extensively used in testing different transformation conditions. Factors found to have significant effects on transformation rate included Agrobacterium-host interactions, explant maturity, preculture and cocultivation conditions, as well as selection schemes, based on transient expression. Some factors, such as the effect of explant maturity and dark preconditioning of explants on gene transfer, have not been reported before. The best transformation conditions included the use of susceptible genotypes and mature explants, preconditioning of explants in darkness, followed by a maximum cocultivation period in the presence of cytokinin, and the use of high selection pressure.

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