Melon PI 414723 Is Resistant to Papaya Ringspot Virus Watermelon Strain

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  • 1 USDA/ARS, 1636 East Alisal St. Salinas, CA 93905

PI 414723 has received much attention from melon (Cucumis melo L.) breeders, pathologists, and entomologists for resistances to zucchini yellow mosaic and watermelon mosaic viruses, including resistances to virus multiplication and subsequent transmission by the melon aphid, powdery mildew resistance, and melon aphid (Aphis gossypii Glover). PI 414723 was derived from PI 371795, which was a contaminant in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) PI 175111 collected in 1948 by Walter N. Koelz in Mussoorie, Uttar Pradesh, India (altitude 1829 m). Its fruit, which have soft flesh and rind that split at maturity, are used in soups and stews, and the seeds are roasted and eaten. PI 414723, PI 371795, and the related Ames 20219 and progeny 92528a were resistant to California and Florida isolates of papaya ringspot virus watermelon strain (PRSV-W). Plants were either symptomless, or they exhibited local lesions, systemic necrosis, or systemic spots. Resistance to PRSV-W is conditioned by a single dominant gene. Allelism with Prv1 (PI 180280, Rajkot, Gujarat, India), Prv2 (PI 180283, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India), Nm (`Vedrantais, Fance), and a recently described gene for PRSV-W resistance in PI 124112 (Calcutta, India) is yet to be determined.

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