Fifty-one isolates of Discula destructiva obtained from various Cornus species were evaluated using arbitrary signatures from amplification profiles (ASAP). ASAP analysis is based on dual-step arbitrary primer-based amplification procedure that produces “fingerprints of fingerprints” and in many instances increases detection of polymorphic DNA. This novel technique was able to distinguish groups of isolates from the northeast, middle and southeast range of the disease as well as western United States and Canada. The data supports the contention of recent and independent introduction of the disease on both east and west coasts, a genetic “bottleneck” that has limited diversity of the pathogen, and directionality of introduction of disease from coastal ports-of-entry to interior populations of C. florida and C. nuttalli.
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