Plant Regeneration from Petioles of Kiwifruit Microshoots

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  • 1 Laboratorio de Fisiología Vegetal, Departamento Biología Organismos y Sistemas, Universidad de Oviedo, E-33071 Oviedo, Spain

A simple and reliable protocol for plant regeneration from petioles of micropropagated plants of kiwifruit [Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev) Liang and Ferguson, var. deliciosa `Hayward'] is described. Morphogenic callus was initiated by culturing petioles taken from in vitro-propagated plants. From the media tested, Cheng's K(h) medium plus 0.1 μm IAA, 4.5 μm zeatin, and 2% sucrose was the best for callus induction, maintenance, and shoot bud formation and development. Bases of developed shoots were immersed in 5 mm IBA for 15 seconds; subsequent culture in half-strength K(h) basal medium achieved 82% rooting. Regenerated plantlets were successfully transplanted to soil with 97% survival. Chemical names used: indole-3-acetic acid (IAA); indole-3-butyric acid (IBA); 2-methyl-4-(1H-purin-6-ylamino)-2-buten-1-ol (zeatin).

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