Cotton fibers were tested as a substitute for agar in tissue culture. The cost of agar has prompted us to search for an alternative more economical medium support. Effectiveness as a medium support was evaluated in terms of callus maintenance and shoot organogenesis using Artemisia, Agrostis, and Taxus. Taxus and Agrostis calli cultivated on liquid media with cotton fiber as medium support (25 ml of medium per gram of cotton) grew better than calli on agar (0.8% w/v). There were no significant differences in shoot organogenesis of Artemisia and Agrostis grown in 25 ml of medium per gram of cotton from those grown in agar medium.