Susceptibility of Selected Grape Cultivars and Tree Fruit to Silverleaf Whitefly (Bemisia argentifolii) Colonization

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  • 1 Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616

Six table grape (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivars and 10 species of tree fruit were evaluated in cage tests to determine their susceptibility to colonization by the silverleaf whitefly (Bemisia argentifolii Bellows and Perring). The table grape cultivars Thompson Seedless, Perlette, Flame Seedless, Ruby Seedless, Christmas Rose, and Redglobe were all colonized. In a field nursery, with naturally occurring silverleaf whitefly populations, `Zinfandel', `Sirah', and `Chardonnay' were more heavily colonized than were `Merlot', `Thompson Seedless', or `Redglobe'. The tree crops `Kerman' pistachio (Pistacia vera L.), `Calimyrna' fig (Ficus carica L.), `Nonpareil' almond [Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb], and `Fuyu' persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) were colonized in cage tests. Silverleaf whitefly failed to establish colonies on caged `O'Henry' peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch.], `Fantasia' nectarine [P. persica (L.) Batsch. var. nectarina (Ait.f.) Maxim.], `Casselman' plum (P. salicina Lindl.), `Tilton' apricot (P. armeniaca L.), `Granny Smith' apple (Malus domestica Borkh.), and `Hayward' kiwifruit [Actinidia delicoisa (A. Chevalier) C.F. Liang et A.R. Ferguson].

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