The response of `Barbara Karst' bougainvillea to the chemical pinching agent Off-Shoot-O® (OSO; methyl esters of fatty acids), was evaluated. Liners were transplanted 4 Apr. 1994 into 3.8-liter containers of soilless medium. OSO at 0 (+pruning), 7.8, 15.6, 31.2, 62.5, 125, and 250 ml·liter–1 was applied over the top on 24 May to 20 replications per OSO concentration and 10 replications per control. On 25 May, OSO was reapplied to 10 replications per OSO concentration. Treatments were applied using a compressed-air backpack sprayer that delivered 82 + 3 and 93 ± 2 liter·ha–1 at 2.8 kg·cm–2 on 24 and 25 May, respectively. Crown phytotoxicity was recorded 1, 2, 7, and 13 days after the initial application on a scale of 0 = no injury to 10 = plant death. A growth index and number of stems <5, 5 to <10, 10 to <15, and >15 cm long were recorded 23 May and 7 July. The best overall response was to the 15.6 + 15.6 ml·liter–1 application, despite the slight but commercially acceptable foliar injury (mean rating = 2.3+0.2). This treatment was similar to the pruned control in growth and number of stems.
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