Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) seed require soil temperature to be around 20C for efficient germination. This hinders early planting in cool soils. This study was conducted to determine how germinating seed of cucumber cultivars Earlipik 14 and Arkansas Little Leaf at 13.9, 15.6, and 20C in the dark affected protein formation. Seed were removed from moist chambers at 0, 12, 24, 48, 72, 84, 96, 120, and 168 h. Germination, defined as the radicle being at least 5 mm long, was determined at each time. Germinated and ungerminated seed was prepared for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. At 20C, 90% to 100% of seed had germinated by 48 h. At 15.6C, 20% to 50% of seed germinated by 168 h, and at 13.9C, ≈2% of seed had germinated by 168 h. For seed incubated at 20C, concentrations of proteins at 70.1 kDa decreased, while those at 37.4, 43.4, and 50 kDa increased after 24 h, which corresponded to formation and elongation of the majority of radicles. These changes were expressed later for seed germinated at 15.6 and 13.9C. Identification of the proteins is being attempted. The importance of these proteins in germination and early development will be discussed.
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