Easter lily (Lilium longiflorum L.) cultivars Ace and Nellie White were regenerated through the culture of immature ovary tissues. Shoot initiation and proliferation were most efficient when a modified Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 5% sucrose, 1 mg 2,4-D/liter, and 2 mg benzylamino purine (BAP)/liter was used. The shoots, when divided and subcultured on the same medium, formed roots within 4 weeks. The rooted plants were transferred to soil in a greenhouse. Root-tip smears made from the regenerated plants showed a range of variation in chromosome numbers from 10 to 25 per cell, in contrast to the bulb-grown plants, which had 2x = 24 chromosomes per cell. The mixoploid condition existed in many regenerants exhibiting chromosome number variation in different root cells of the same plant.
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