Acacia auriculiformis, A. mangium, and A. koa trees were grown in 5.4-liter containers under conditions of 100%, 44%, or 19% sunlight transmission to determine biomass accumulation and partitioning and phyllode gas-exchange responses to developmental light level. Following ≈100 days of growth, all three species exhibited a linear decrease in relative growth rate and biomass accumulation in response to developmental light level. The influence of reduced developmental light level on growth was similar for the three species, with biomass accumulation under 19% transmission averaging ≈20% of that under full sunlight. In a second study, the diurnal pattern of gas exchange of mature phyllodes was determined. Gas exchange of phyllodes under 19% or 44% transmission depended on photosynthetic photon flux throughout the day. In contrast, gas exchange of phyllodes in 100% transmission was highest in early to midmorning on sunny days. Phyllode gas exchange slowly declined thereafter for A. mangium and A. koa, but rapidly declined then slightly recovered in late afternoon for A. auriculiformis.
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