Effect of Hydrogen Cyanamide (Dormex) on Replacing Lack of Chilling in Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa)

in HortScience
Authors:
Arlie A. PowellDept. of Horticulture, Auburn University, AL 36849.

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Ed TunnellDept. of Horticulture, Auburn University, AL 36849.

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It has been shown that the `Hayward' kiwifruit requires ≈1000 chilling hours for satisfactory production of female flowers, leading to full cropping in the southeastern United States. Part of the area along the Gulf Coast frequently suffers from inadequate winter chilling, resulting in poor cropping of `Hayward'. Studies were conducted over a 4-year period in a mature `Hayward' planting near the Gulf Coast to evaluate the efficacy of hydrogen cyanamide sprays in replacing lack of chilling and improving cropping. Rates of 2%, 3%, and 4% (v/v) of 50% Dormex significantly increased yield, with the highest rate providing the maximum yield. Fruit size and overall fruit quality from Dormex treatments were good. Dormex sprays performed quite well when only 600 to 700 chilling hours were received in the test area.

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