Heritability of Resistance to Root-knot Nematode (Meloidogyne hapla Chitwood) in Carrot (Daucus carota L.)

in HortScience
Authors:
Min WangDept. of Horticulture, Univ. of Wisconsin–Madison, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706.

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I.L. GoldmanDept. of Horticulture, Univ. of Wisconsin–Madison, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706.

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The root-knot nematode (M. hapla Chitwood) poses a threat to carrot (Daucus carota L.) production in the United States. Little information is available concerning the genetic control of nematode resistance in carrot. Crosses between two inbreds, a resistant genotype (R1) and susceptible genotype (S1) identified in previous screening tests of carrot were studied in the F2 and BC1 generations to determine the heritability of resistance to the root-knot nematode. Seedlings of F2 (R1/S1), BC1S1, and BC1R1 generations were evaluated for their responses to infestation of M. hapla Chitwood based on gall number per root, gall rating per root, and root rating per root in a greenhouse experiment conducted during 1994. Narrow-sense heritabilities were calculated according to the method of Warner (1952). Narrow-sense heritability was 0.16 for resistance based on gall number, 0.88 for resistance based on gall rating, and 0.78 for resistance based on root rating. This information may be of importance to geneticists and carrot breeders for the development of nematode-resistant carrot cultivars.

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