The Effect of the Fungicides Metalaxyl and Fosetyl-Al on Root Rot (Phytophthora cactorum) of American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolium) in the Greenhouse

in HortScience
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  • 1 Nova Scotia Agricultural College, P.O. Box 550, Truro, NS B2N 5E3, Canada.

Ginseng seedlings were inoculated with Phytopthora cactorum by dipping their roots for 5 min in a suspension of 105 zoospores/ml. Inoculated plants were repotted and grown under shade in the greenhouse. In various experiments, fungicides were applied 1 week before inoculation, at the time of inoculation, 2 days after inoculation, or a combination of the first two of these. Treatments included fosetyl-Al applied as a foliar spray until run-off at a concentration of 2.5, 5.0, or 10 g a.i./liter of water or as a soil drench containing 0.25, 0.5, or 1.0 g a.i./100 ml water per plant and metalaxyl applied as a soil drench containing 5 or 10 mg a.i./100 ml of water per plant. The treatments with fosetyl-Al as a spray did not reduce root rot ratings, but fosetyl-Al applied as a drench significantly reduced root rot ratings at all three concentrations when applied at inoculation. The best control was achieved using metalaxyl at either 5 or 10 mg a.i./plant applied either at inoculation or both 1 week before inoculation and at inoculation.

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