Varietal Improvement of Pepper in Cote d'Ivoire

in HortScience

Pepper (Capsicum spp.) is an important component of various cropping systems and dishes in Cote d'Ivoire. The need to meet local market demand has prompted the development of high-yielding hot pepper varieties. Three local selections and 20 AVRDC-introduced breeding lines were evaluated in a three-replicate randomized complete block design. Data were collected on fruit and plant characteristics as well as on fruit yield and yield components. Large variations were found in all studied variables. Date of 75% flowering occurred between 52 and 77 days after sowing. First harvest date varied from 99 to 134 days after sowing, while plant height at first harvest ranged from 42 to 92 cm. Fruit size and fruit form were quite diverse. Maximum total fresh fruit weight (5490 g/plot) was about 10 times higher than that of the lowest-yielding (557 g/plot) entry. Selection within those lines has potential to contribute to the improvement of pepper productivity in Cote d'Ivoire.

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